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flow; dynamical system; left congruence; maximal group
Let $S$ be topological semigroup, we consider an appropriate semigroup compactification $\widehat{S}$ of $S$. In this paper we study the connection between subgroups of a maximal group in a minimal left ideal of $\widehat{S}$, which arise as equivalence classes of some closed left congruence, and the minimal flow characterized by the left congruence. A particular topology is defined on a maximal group and it is shown that a closed subgroup under this topology is precisely the intersection of an equivalence class with the maximal group for some left congruence on $\widehat{S}$.
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