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sign pattern; double star; potentially nilpotent; potentially stable
A matrix $\Cal A$ whose entries come from the set $\{+,-,0\}$ is called a {\it sign pattern matrix}, or {\it sign pattern}. A sign pattern is said to be potentially nilpotent if it has a nilpotent realization. In this paper, the characterization problem for some potentially nilpotent double star sign patterns is discussed. A class of double star sign patterns, denoted by ${\cal DSSP}(m,2)$, is introduced. We determine all potentially nilpotent sign patterns in ${\cal DSSP}(3,2)$ and ${\cal DSSP}(5,2)$, and prove that one sign pattern in ${\cal DSSP}(3,2)$ is potentially stable.
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