# Article

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Keywords:
Boolean matrix; Boolean rank; Boolean linear operator; isolation number
Summary:
Let $A$ be a Boolean $\{0,1\}$ matrix. The isolation number of $A$ is the maximum number of ones in $A$ such that no two are in any row or any column (that is they are independent), and no two are in a $2\times 2$ submatrix of all ones. The isolation number of $A$ is a lower bound on the Boolean rank of $A$. A linear operator on the set of $m\times n$ Boolean matrices is a mapping which is additive and maps the zero matrix, $O$, to itself. A mapping strongly preserves a set, $S$, if it maps the set $S$ into the set $S$ and the complement of the set $S$ into the complement of the set $S$. We investigate linear operators that preserve the isolation number of Boolean matrices. Specifically, we show that $T$ is a Boolean linear operator that strongly preserves isolation number $k$ for any $1\leq k\leq \min \{m,n\}$ if and only if there are fixed permutation matrices $P$ and $Q$ such that for $X\in {\mathcal M}_{m,n}(\mathbb B)$ $T(X)=PXQ$ or, $m=n$ and $T(X)=PX^tQ$ where $X^t$ is the transpose of $X$.
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