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triangular scheme; triangular principle; weak congruence; weak congruence modularity; weak congruence distributivity
Some geometrical methods, the so called Triangular Schemes and Principles, are introduced and investigated for weak congruences of algebras. They are analogues of the corresponding notions for congruences. Particular versions of Triangular Schemes are equivalent to weak congruence modularity and to weak congruence distributivity. For algebras in congruence permutable varieties, stronger properties—Triangular Principles—are equivalent to weak congruence modularity and distributivity.
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