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linear regression model with type-II constraints; orthogonal regression; estimation
Orthogonal regression, also known as the total least squares method, regression with errors-in variables or as a calibration problem, analyzes linear relationship between variables. Comparing to the standard regression, both dependent and explanatory variables account for measurement errors. Through this paper we shortly discuss the orthogonal least squares, the least squares and the maximum likelihood methods for estimation of the orthogonal regression line. We also show that all mentioned approaches lead to the same estimates in a special case.
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